Acta chirurgiae orthopaedicae et traumatologiae Cechoslovaca

Acta chirurgiae orthopaedicae et traumatologiae Cechoslovaca

Původní práce / Original papers

ACTA CHIRURGIAE ORTHOPAEDICAE ET TRAUMATOLOGIAE ČECHOSL.,
89, 2022, p. 252 - 259

Epidemiologie zlomenin kostí ruky dospělých s využitím klasifikace ICD-10

Epidemiology of Bone Fractures in the Hand in Adult Population Using the ICD-10 Classification

D.M. DOMINGUEZ-PRADO, L. FERRADAS-GARCIA, E. PEREZ-ALFONSO, P. BALVIS-BALVIS, J.A. LOPEZ-LOPEZ, M. CASTRO-MENENDEZ
Department of Orthopedic Surgery and Traumatology, Álvaro Cunqueiro Hospital of Vigo, Pontevedra, Spain

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

The purpose of this study was to conduct an epidemiological study of hand fractures in adult population.

MATERIAL AND METHODS

A retrospective observational study in a population of 470,000 habitants was performed. Over the course of three years, all patients over 16 years of age who were diagnosed with fracture or fracture-dislocation at the level of a  carpal bone, metacarpal and/or phalange were included. These fractures were classified according to the International Classification of Diseases 10th edition (ICD-10). Incidence rates, along with gender and age distribution were also studied.

RESULTS

1,267 patients with a total of 1,341 hand fractures were included. They represented 29.7% of all upper limb fractures and 7.6% of all traumatological emergencies involving a bone fracture during that period. The most frequent ICD-10 group was S62.3, with the fifth metacarpal as the most often affected bone (39.7%). The most frequent location at the level of the phalanges (S62.5) was the proximal third of the proximal phalanx of the fifth radius. The global incidence rate was 99 fractures per 100,000 persons/year. No seasonal variation was observed. Only 10.2% of hand fractures received surgical treatment.

DISCUSSION

Several epidemiological studies have been published on fractures in the hand, but none have used the ICD-10 classification. Although the distribution of our stratified sample by age and gender was similar to those previously published, the incidence rate in our study was much lower. We may possibly extrapolate our results to the rest of the Spanish population and even to the rest of the population of southern Europe, given the scarcity of epidemiological studies on this matter in these geographical areas.

CONCLUSIONS

The ICD-10 classification is useful for the description and classification of hand fractures. The most often affected group is that including metacarpals of the long fingers (S62.3), being the distal level of the fifth metacarpal in young male patients the most frequent one. Most fractures are treated conservatively and in case of surgical treatment, the preferred surgical techniques include K-wire fixation, interfragmentary compression screws and plate osteosynthesis.

Key words: epidemiology, incidence, fracture, fracture dislocation, carpal bones, metacarpals, finger phalanges

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