Acta chirurgiae orthopaedicae et traumatologiae Cechoslovaca

Acta chirurgiae orthopaedicae et traumatologiae Cechoslovaca

Původní práce / Original papers

ACTA CHIRURGIAE ORTHOPAEDICAE ET TRAUMATOLOGIAE ČECHOSL.,
84, 2017, p. 436 - 440

Zhodnocení kvality života a psychických syndromů u pacientů s primární koxartrózou po totální náhradě kloubu

Evaluation of the Quality of Life and Psychiatric Symptoms of Patients with Primary Coxarthrosis after Total Hip Arthroplasty

M. S. BALIK1, C. HOCAOGLU2, A. ERKUT3, Y. GÜVERCIN1, D. KESKIN1
1 Department of Orthopaedic and Traumatology, Faculty of Medicine, RecepTayyip Erdogan University, Rize, Turkey
2 Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Recep Tayyip Erdogan University, Rize, Turkey
3 Specialist of Orthopaedic and Traumatology, Rize, Turkey

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

In this study, it was aimed to examine the preoperative and postoperative quality of life and psychiatric symptoms of the patients with primary coxarthrosis after total hip arthroplasty.

MATERIAL AND METHODS

150 patients undergone total hip arthroplasty were involved in this study. The socio-demographical data form prepared by the researchers was utilized before and after the operation in order to demonstrate disease-related socio-demographical characteristics of the patient. The Quality of Life Scale Short Form (SF-36), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), Harris Hip Score (HHS) and Visual Analog Scale (VSA) were implemented in the preoperative period and at 6th and 12th week after the operation.

RESULTS

Of the patients involved in study, 28.7% were male and 71.3% were female. Their mean age was 58.34±11.92 year. While statistically significant differences were found between the preoperative and postoperative periods in terms of physical function, physical role limitation, emotional role limitation, energy, social function, pain, and general health subscales of SF-36, no significant differences were found relating mental health subscale. In BAI, BDI, VAS, and HHS comparison, statistically significant differences were found between the preoperative and postoperative periods, except for BAI.

CONCLUSIONS

In this study, it was determined that primary coxarthrosis affects significantly the quality of the patients´ lives in a negative way and can be accompanied by mental symptoms. After total hip arthroplasty, significant improvement was observed in quality of life, depression and pain scores.

Key words: total hip prosthesis, quality of life, mental symptoms

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