Acta chirurgiae orthopaedicae et traumatologiae Cechoslovaca

Acta chirurgiae orthopaedicae et traumatologiae Cechoslovaca

Instructions to authors Acta Chirurgiae orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae čechoslovaca

The Editorial Board accepts original papers, case reports, review articles and invited lectures for continuing education in the Czech and Slovak languages, and in English if the first author is affiliated with a foreign institution. Other articles accepted for publications include reports on conferences and fellowship visits abroad, book reviews, reports of activities in orthopaedic and other related societies, contributions to personalia on prominent figures in orthopaedics, and announcements of congresses and symposia to be held. In the presentations listed below, each has its specific features and a structure which should be observed.

1. Original Paper presents the authors' findings obtained on the basis of their experimental or clinical studies. It is divided into the following sections: Abstract, Introduction, Material and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusions and References.

An original paper should have 10 to 12 manuscript pages and between 20 and 30 references. The maximum number of authors is six.

2. Case Report presents clinical results usually restricted to a single patient. It takes the form of a summary (published in English), an introduction, a full description of the case(s), a discussion and references. It should not exceed six manuscript pages and should have 10 to 15 references. The maximum number of authors is two.

3. Review Article is a paper on a current issue written by an experienced author who should present their own opinion on the topic. It may cover a scientific field of study or be restricted to a specific aspect of a particular discipline, and should also include controversial views. The Summary and References sections are required. A review paper should not exceed 10 to 15 manuscript pages and have no more than 50 cited references. There should be only one author, or possibly two if each author works in a different institution.

4. Lecture for Continuing Education (current concepts lecture) is an invited paper at the request of the Editorial Board or Editor-in-Chief. Upon agreement with the author, it should provide a comprehensive assessment of the given issue in orthopaedics or trauma medicine, including any developments, the current state and trends. The References will include not only cited but also recommended literature. A Summary is required. Diagrams, but no photographs, will be published. The manuscript should have up to 10 pages.

The title of the paper, the authors' full names, their academic or professional affiliations with the names of the heads of the institutions (the names will not be published) should be submitted on a separate title page, followed by pages with the text of a manuscript structured as described above. In a typed manuscript, the format should be 30 lines per page; a word processor should be set at double-spacing with 2.5-mm margins (open right one); good-quality print is required. Pages are numbered in the lower right-hand corner.


In an Original Paper it takes the form of a structured abstract with parts generally following those of the full paper, namely, Purpose of the Study, Material and Methods, Results, Discussion, and Conclusions. The extent of it is 300 to 500 words.

The abstract generally does not include references to figures, tables or authors. It is submitted, with a full title and names of the authors in the heading, on a separate sheet. Following the abstract or summary, up to 10 key words should be given for subject indexing. They should comply with the Index Medicus style.

A Case Report, a Review Article and a Lecture for Continuing Education have a summary that is not structured and should not exceed 20 lines.


They are submitted on a separate sheet and should be arranged alphabetically and numbered consecutively. In the text they are referred to with Arabic numbers in brackets. All authors cited in the text should be included in the reference list and vice versa. The references should be cited in accordance with the style of the journal. At least one-third of the references should not have been published earlier than five years ago. It is expected that references are made to the recent national literature.


The names of all authors are listed. The journal abbreviations should correspond to the international standard.


All figures must be original. Their number should correspond to the scope of the paper. It is generally not acceptable to use illustrations already published. Exceptionally, their publication is possible after re-drawing the original figure and stating the source it was adapted from (the name of the author and the year of publication). This also involves stating the copyright holder's approval, usually the original author and publisher (respecting the Copyright Act). Low-quality photocopies will not be accepted. Black-and-white glossy print photographs (18 cm x 13 cm) are recommended. The publication of colour figures is possible only by the approval of the Editorial Office and at the authors' expenses. Each figure should be on a separate sheet, identified on the reverse side by its number, the name of the author and the title of the paper. An indication of the top of the illustration, by an arrow in soft pencil, is required. Tables should also be typed on a separate sheet, numbered in sequence and provided with a heading and explanatory notes.

Legends to the figures (photographs and drawings) should be typed together on a separate sheet. Each illustration should be identified by the title of the paper.


The manuscript in Czech, Slovak or English is submitted in four hard copies (one good quality original and three copies without the names of the authors and their affiliations) with four sets of figures (two originals and two photocopies) and sent to the Editor-in-Chief. A CD-ROM with the text in MS-Word format and, in a separate file, figures in TIF or JPG format at a high resolution must be enclosed. Each copy includes:

Each manuscript submitted will be reviewed in terms of content and form. The manuscripts not meeting the criteria of the journal will be returned to be re-written or will not be accepted. The author will be notified of whether the paper has been accepted or not. In the event the manuscript is not accepted, only the original copy is sent back. The Editorial Office maintains correspondence with the first author.

There is a charge of 8,000 CZK (320 EUR) per accepted and printed article with support of any research grant or any other foundation. This charge must be paid to the publisher's account before printing.

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